Cavities are a very common infectious disease. They first appeared in humans during the Neolithic period, due to an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, which led to a change in diet. The best way to prevent cavities is to brush and floss your teeth regularly.

A tooth is made up of three layers: the enamel, the dentin and the nerve. Cavities are formed by food residue, which turns into acid and mixes with bacteria already present in your mouth.

The first phase of a cavity is the destruction of the tooth’s enamel. This is when it is easiest to treat the cavity, before it begins to cause pain. Once you start feeling sensitivity to sugar, heat or cold, the dentin has probably been affected. The dentist can repair the cavity using a composite product. If the cavity reaches the nerve, you’ll feel a sharp pain. A root canal is then needed to prevent infection and the formation of an abscess.

Main causes of cavities:

  • Sugary or acidic foods
  • Frequent snacking
  • Hereditary factors
  • Smoking
  • Some medications
  • Poor tooth alignment
  • Cracks
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Some illnesses, like diabetes

To prevent cavities, we recommend maintaining proper oral health. Make an appointment today for a routine check-up and cleaning.