The main role of our gums is to keep our teeth in place. This soft tissue covers the jawbone and surrounds the visible portion of the teeth. Healthy gums are crucial for protecting and supporting teeth, and for maintaining good overall health.
Periodontitis is the result of gingivitis that has been left untreated or that has been detected at an advanced stage. This type of gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults. Plaque and tartar accumulate and infiltrate the gum line, causing an infection. Bacteria found in periodontal pockets slowly destroy the periodontium, causing teeth to become loose.
Main risk factors of gum disease:
- Poor dental hygiene
- Hereditary factors
- Some illnesses, like diabetes
The best way to prevent periodontitis is to see the dentist as soon as you notice any signs of gum disease. Make an appointment without delay if your gums bleed during brushing, if they are swollen, if you have bad breath, or if you are experiencing heat or cold sensitivity.